George AdamsMartha Streetholt

George Adams

f a m i l y
Children with:
Frances Taylor

Daniel Adams
John Adams
George Adams
Joseph John Adams/
Mary Adams
Samuel Adams
George Adams
  • Born: Abt 1620, England
  • Married 1645, Watertown, Middlesex co., Massachusetts, to Frances Taylor
  • Died: 10 Oct 1696, Cambridge Farms, Middlesex co., Massachusetts
  • Occupation: Glover


    George Adams, the son of George Adams and Martha Streetholt, was born about 1620 in England.

    He was a glover by trade.

    The earliest record I know of places him in Watertown, Massachusetts in 1645. This was the same general time period when the Puritans immigrated into the Massachusetts Bay Colonies, and it is possible that they were among those who immigrated. Many of the immigrants sold themselves into slavery for 6-8 years to pay for their fares. These people were primarily looking for religious freedom. Watertown, at this point in time, was a plantation 7 miles west of Boston, up the Charles River.

    George married Frances Taylor, daughter of Richard Taylor, that same year, in Watertown. Frances was also born in England, in 1626. The following year, he acquired land in Lancaster, Worcester co., Massachusetts - 200 acres on the eastern slope of the hill called "George Hill", believed to have been named for him. He got this land from the Sachem Shoniow Indians, illegally. He got himself into serious trouble by engaging in illegal trade with the Indians, and for this reason the land he was granted in about 1646 was "reconveyed" and given to Jonas Fairbank.

    He was censured by the General Court on 18 May 1653 in Watertown for selling two guns and "strong water" to the Indians, and with no money to pay the fine, he was ordered "whipt and discharged out of prison." (Records of the Governor and company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England 3:308).

    At a meeting of the selectmen of Watertown, George was granted four acres of land on "Kinges Comen" on 29 Jan 1655.

    Times seemed to be continually hard for George and his family. Town records find him and his family of five children to be "living in need".

    On 4 Nov 1664, George moved his family to "Cambridge Farms" (now Lexington) Massachusetts. George and Frances sold their home in Watertown, plus the land adjoining, to John Chinery. However, having his land in Lancaster taken away from him apparently still weighed heavily on him. He attempted to "lay claim" to that land in court, but since it had already been given to someone else and could not be taken back, and the town realized at least some validity to George's claim, gave him sixty acres of upland near "Washacome" - but only on the condition that he and his son John drop the matter once and for all. They both signed their mark to the agreement. They eventually built their home there, and lived among the Indians, with whom they enjoyed a good relationship.

    In 1675 - 76, he fought in King Philip's War, serving in the company of Captain Joseph Sills. About the same time, Indians attacked Lancaster, where George and his family were making their home. They escaped to either Watertown or Cambridge Farms, and likely did not return to Lancaster. George still owned the property there as of May 1684.

    On 12 May 1675, George took his case regarding the earlier confiscated land to the General Court, despite his promise to drop the matter. The General Court agreed that he did have a legitimate claim to the land. He apparently took ownership, as this land, plus  60 acres the town gave him earlier to appease him, are part of any inventory done in 1696 after his death. He continued on in Cambridge Farms (Lexington) for the remainder of his life.

    He died on 10 Oct 1696 in Cambridge Farms, Middlesex co., Massachusetts, at about the age of 76, due to "the fall of a rock." His wife survived him.

    After George's death, his son George Jr. and daughter Mary sigend their share of the land to their oldest brother John.

    George Adams and Frances Taylor had six children: John, George, Daniel, Joseph/John, Mary and Samuel.